The Symphony No. 1 in E flat major, KV. 16, was written by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart at the age of just eight years. By this time, he was already notable in Europe as a wunderkind performer, but had composed little music. The piece was written during his family’s stay in Chelsea, London, where he was performing.?
?The symphony is written for an orchestra consisting of two oboes, two horns and strings (the usual first and second violins, violas, cellos and double basses). It is laid out in a three-movement, quick-slow-quick form, reflecting the genre’s origins in the Italian overture, and typical of the early Classical symphony: Allegro molto, Andante, Presto.
This three movement form is common in Mozart’s early symphonies, though later it was supplanted by the more familiar four-movement scheme.